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Competition is introduced

(a) China Innovation Contest

中国创新创业大赛是由科技部、教育部、财政部和中华全国工商业联合会共同指导举办的一项以科技创新,成就大业为主题的全国性创业比赛。第一届中国创新创业大赛于2012年举办。中国创新创业大赛整合创新创业要素,搭建为科技型中小企业服务的平台,引导更广泛的社会资源支持创新创业,促进科技型中小企业创新发展。

China innovation contest is by the Ministry of science and technology, Ministry of education, the Ministry of Finance and the all China Federation of industry and Commerce jointly held a "guide to scientific and technological innovation, to achieve a big industry" as the theme of the national entrepreneurship competition. The first Chinese innovation contest held in 2012. Chinese innovation contest the integration and innovation of entrepreneurial elements, to set up scientific and technological small and medium-sized enterprises service platform, leads to a more comprehensive social resources to support innovation and entrepreneurship, promoting the development of innovation of science and technology oriented small and medium sized enterprises.

大赛旨在通过政府引导、公益支持、市场运作的模式,达到提升创新创业水平、营造创新创业氛围、弘扬创新创业文化、促进科技和金融结合的目标。

The contest aims to "government guidance, public support, market operation" mode, to improve the level of innovation and entrepreneurship, build innovation atmosphere, enhancing the innovative culture, promote technological and financial combination goal.

(二)创客

(b) maker

创客一词来源于英文单词"Maker”,是指不以盈利为目标,努力把各种创意转变为现实的人。创客以用户创新为核心理念,是创新2.0模式在设计制造领域的典型表现。Fab Lab及其触发的以创客为代表的创新2.0模式,基于从个人通讯到个人计算,再到个人制造的社会技术发展脉络,试图构建以用户为中心的,面向应用的融合从创意、设计到制造的用户创新环境。

"Makers" comes from the word English word " Maker ", refers to the profit as the goal, efforts to various ideas into real people. Makers to the user innovation as the core concept of innovation, is the 2 model in the typical performance design and manufacture field. Fab Lab and triggered by a customer as the representative of the 2 patterns of innovation, calculated from the personal communication to individuals based on, and then to social technology development for individual manufacturing, attempts to construct user centered, application oriented fusion from the creative, design to user innovation manufacturing environment.

创客以用户创新为核心理念,是面向知识社会的创新2.0模式在设计与制造领域的典型体现。创客运动最重要的标志是掌握了自生产工具,他们是一群新人类。在中文里,的含义是:开始做,创造,首创,开创,创立。它体现了一种积极向上的生活态度,同时有一种通过行动和实践去发现问题和需求,并努力找到解决方案的含义在里面;则有客观、客人、做客的意思。客观,体现的是一种理性思维。客人、做客则体现了人与人之间的一种良性互动关系,有一种开放与包容的精神在里面,而开放与包容体现在行动上就是乐于分享。

Makers to the user innovation as the core concept, is typical of the innovation pattern for the knowledge society in 2 in the field of design and manufacture. A customer is the most important sign of sports master self production tools, they are a group of new human being. In Chinese, "innovation" is the meaning of: begin to do, first, create, create, create. It reflects a positive attitude towards life, at the same time there was a through practice and action to discover problems and needs, and strive to find a solution of the meaning in it; "guest" is the objective, the guest, guest meaning. Objective, embodies a kind of rational thinking. Guest guest, embodies a kind of benign interaction between the person and person's relations, there is an open and inclusive spirit inside, and open and inclusive in action is willing to share.

没有分享,就没有人类社会的整体进步,作为人类社会的一份子,分享和传播知识是每个人应尽的义务,将分享作为乐趣则是一种良好的品格和习惯,但分享绝不意味着不尊重别人的劳动成果,或鼓励抄袭和盗版,恰恰相反的是,分享必须建立在尊重首创精神的坚实基础上,否则创新会变成建立在流沙上的建筑。创客鼓励创新各种分享盈利模式,在分享的同时,保护首创者的利益和积极性。

No sharing, there is no overall progress of human society, as a member of the human society, the sharing and dissemination of knowledge is the duty of every citizen, will share as fun is a good character and habits, but share by no means do not respect the labor of others, or encourage copying and piracy, on the contrary the share must be built on a solid foundation, respect the pioneering spirit of innovation, otherwise it will become established in quicksand construction. Makers to encourage innovation all share profit model, the share at the same time, the protection of the interests of initiative and enthusiasm.

进入21世纪,信息技术推动下知识社会的形成及其对技术创新的影响进一步被认识,科学界进一步反思对创新的认识:技术创新是一个科技、经济一体化过程,是技术进步与应用创新双螺旋结构(创新双螺旋)共同作用催生的产物,而且知识社会条件下以需求为导向、以人为本的创新2.0模式进一步得到关注。《复杂性科学视野下的科技创新》在对科技创新复杂性分析基础上,指出了技术创新是各创新主体、创新要素交互复杂作用下的一种复杂涌现现象,是技术进步与应用创新的双螺旋结构共同演进的产物;信息通讯技术的融合与发展推动了社会形态的变革,催生了知识社会,使得传统的实验室边界逐步融化,进一步推动了科技创新模式的嬗变。要完善科技创新体系急需构建以用户为中心、需求为驱动、以社会实践为舞台的共同创新、开放创新的应用创新平台,通过创新双螺旋结构的呼应与互动形成有利于创新涌现的创新生态,打造以人为本的创新2.0模式。在这个世纪里,创客将成为世界的领导者,引领世界走向更加辉煌的一页。

Entered in twenty-first Century, the information technology to promote the formation of knowledge society and its influence on technology innovation is further understanding of the scientific community, further reflection on the understanding of innovation: technological innovation is a science and technology, economic integration process, technological progress and application of innovation "the double helix structure" (innovation double helix) joint action of the birth of the product, innovation mode and condition of intellectual social demand oriented, people-oriented 2 further attention. "In perspective of complexity science technology innovation" in the analysis of technology innovation based on complexity, it was pointed out that the technology innovation is the innovation subject, innovation elements interaction complex under the action of a complex phenomenon is emerging, technology progress and application of innovation "double helix" evolution of the product; the fusion and the development of information and communication technology promote the social patterns of change, gave birth to the knowledge society, which makes the traditional laboratory boundary gradually "melting", and further promote the evolvement of technology innovation mode. The urgent need to improve science and technology innovation system construction is a center with the user, demand driven, taking the social practice as the application of innovation platform for joint innovation, open innovation stage, through the innovation of the double helix structure of cooperation and interaction form conducive to innovation emerging innovation ecosystem, to build innovative artificial this 2 mode. In this century, Makers will be the world leader, leading the world toward a more brilliant one page.